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An Explanation of the Attributes of Allαh

It is not possible to perfectly translate the names and attributes of Allαh from their original Arabic into English. However, here are some fairly close explanations.

He who has the power to create the entities.

The 99 Names of God (Allαh)

  1. Ar-Rahman — The Most Merciful
    The One who has plenty of mercy for the believers and the blasphemers in this world and especially for the believers in the hereafter.
  2. Ar-Rαhνm — The most Compassionate
    The One who has plenty of mercy for the believers.
  3. Al-Malνk — The King, the Monarch
    The One with the complete Dominion, the One Whose Dominion is clear from imperfection.
  4. Al-Quddús — The Holy one
    The One who is pure from any imperfection and clear from children and adversaries.
  5. As-Salαm — The Peace, The Tranquility
    The One who is free from every imperfection.
  6. Al-Mu'min — The One with Faith — The Faithful, The Trusted
    The One who witnessed for Himself that no one is God but Him. And He witnessed for His believers that they are truthful in their belief that no one is God but Him.
  7. Al-Muhaymin — The Protector — The vigilant, the controller
    The One who witnesses the saying and deeds of His creatures.
  8. Al-'Aziz — The Mighty — The Almighty, the powerful
    The Defeater who is not defeated.
  9. Al-Jabbar — The oppressor, the all Compelling
    The One that nothing happens in His Dominion except that which He willed.
  10. Al-Mutakabbir — The Haughty, the Majestic — The Imperious
    The One who is clear from the attributes of the creatures and from resembling them.
  11. Al-Khaliq — The Creator, the Maker
    The One who brings everything from non-existence to existence.
  12. Al-Bari' — The Artificer, the Creator
    The Creator who has the Power to turn the entities.
  13. Al-Musawwir — The Fashioner — The Organiser the Designer
    The One who forms His creatures in different pictures.
  14. Al-Ghaffar — The Forgiving, the Forgiver
    The One who forgives the sins of His slaves time and time again.
  15. Al-Qahhar — The Almighty, the Dominant
    The Subduer who has the perfect Power and is not unable over anything.
  16. Al-Wahhab — The Donor, the Bestower
    The One who is Generous in giving plenty without any return. He is everything that benefits whether Halal or Haram.
  17. Ar-Razzaq — The Provider, the Sustainer

  18. Al-Fattah — The Opener, the Revealer
    The One who opens for His slaves the closed worldy and religious matters.
  19. Al-'Alim — The all Knowing, the Omniscient
    The Knowledgeable; The One nothing is absent from His knowledge.
  20. Al-Qabid — The Contractor, The Restrainer, the Recipient.
    The One who constricts the sustenance.
  21. Al-Basit — The Expander, He who expands
    The One who expands and widens.
  22. Al-Khafid —
    The One who lowers whoever He willed by His Destruction.
    The Abaser, the Humbler
  23. Ar-Rafi' —
    The One who raises whoever He willed by His Endowment.
    The Raiser, the Exhalter
  24. Al-Mu'iz —
    He gives esteem to whoever He willed, hence there is no one to degrade Him;
    The Honorer, the Exhalter
  25. Al-Muzil —
    Degrades whoever he willed, hence there is no one to give him esteem.
    The Abaser, the Degrader, the Subduer
  26. As-Sami' —
    The One who Hears all things that are heard by His Eternal Hearing without an ear, instrument or organ.
    The Hearer, The All hearing, all knowing.
  27. Al-Basir —
    The One who Sees all things that are seen by His Eternal Seeing without a pupil or any other instrument.
    The Seer, The discerning, the All seeing.
  28. Al-Hakam —
    He is the Ruler and His judgment is His Word.
    The arbitrator, the Judge
  29. Al-'Adl —
    The One who is entitled to do what He does.
    The justice, the equitable. The Just.
  30. Al-Latif —
    The Most Gentle, the Gracious.
    The One who is kind
  31. Al-Khabir —
    The One who knows the truth of things.
    The Aware. The Segacious, one is who is aware.
  32. Al-Halim —
    The One who delays the punishment for those who deserve it and then He might forgive them.
    The Gentle. The most patient, the Clement.
  33. Al-'Azim —
    The One deserving the attributes of Exaltment, Glory, Extolement,and Purity from all imperfection.
    The Great, Mighty
  34. Al-Ghafoor —
    The One who forgives a lot.
    The Forgiving, the Pardoner.
  35. Ash-Shakur —
    The One who gives a lot of reward for a little obedience.
    The Grateful, the Thankful
  36. Al-'Ali —
    The One who is clear from the attributes of the creatures.
    The most high, the exhalted.
  37. Al-Kabir —
    The One who is greater than everything in status.
    The great, the big.
  38. Al-Hafiz —
    The One who protects whatever and whoever He willed to protect.
    The Guardian, the preserver.
  39. Al-Muqit —
    The One who has the Power.
    The maintainer, The Nourisher
  40. Al-Hasib —
    The One who gives the satisfaction.
    The noble, The Reckoner
  41. Aj-Jalil —
    The One who is attributed with greatness of Power and Glory of status.
    The Majestic. The honorable, the exhalted.
  42. Al-Karim —
    The One who is clear from abjectness.
    The most generous, the Bountiful.
  43. Ar-Raqib —
    The One that nothing is absent from Him. Hence it's meaning is related to the attribute of Knowledge.
    The Guardian, the watchful. Watcher.
  44. Al-Mujib —
    The One who answers the one in need if he asks Him and rescues the yearner if he calls upon Him.
    The Responder. The respindent, one who answers.
  45. Al-Wasi' —
    The Englober. The enricher, the Omnipresent, the Knowledgeable.
  46. Al-Hakim —
    The One who is correct in His doings.
    The most Wise, the Judicious.
  47. Al-Wadud —
    The Affectionate, the Loving.
  48. Al-Majid —
    The One who is with perfect Power, High Status, Compassion, Generosity and Kindness.
    The Glorious, the exhalted.
  49. Al-Ba'ith —
    The One who resurrects for reward and/or punishment.
    The Resurrector, the Raiser from death.
  50. Ash-Shahid —
    The One who nothing is absent from Him.
    The Witness
  51. Al-Haqq —
    The One who truly exists.
    The Truth, the Just.
  52. Al-Wakil —
    The One who gives the satisfaction and is relied upon.
    The Guardian, the Trustee
  53. Al-Qawee —
    The One with the complete Power.
    The powerful, the Almighty, The Strong
  54. Al-Matin —
    The One with extreme Power which is un-interrupted and He does not get tired.
    The Strong, the Firm
  55. Al-Walee —
    The Supporter, the Friend, the Defender the master.
  56. Al-Hamid —
    The praised One who deserves to be praised.
    The Praiseworthy , the Commendable
  57. Al-Muhsi —
    The One who the count of things are known to him.
    The Counter
  58. Al-Mubdi' —
    The One who started the human being. That is, He created him.
    The Beginner, the Creator, The Originator
  59. Al-Mu'eed —
    The One who brings back the creatures after death.
    The Restorer, the Resurrector.
  60. Al-Muhyee —
    The One who took out a living human from semen that does not have a soul. He gives life by giving the souls back to the worn out bodies on the resurrection day and He makes the hearts alive by the light of knowledge.
    The Bestower, the Life Giver.
  61. Al-Mumeet —
    The One who renders the living dead.
    The Bringer of Death. The Death Giver.
  62. Al-Hayy —
    The One attributed with a life that is unlike our life and is not that of a combination of soul, flesh or blood.
    The Living. The Alive, the ever living.
  63. Al-Qayyum —
    The One who remains and does not end.
    The Self-Subsistent, The Eternal, the Self Sustaining.
  64. Al-Wajid —
    The Rich who is never poor. Al-Wajd is Richness.
    The all percieving, the Opulent, the Finder.
  65. Al-Wahid —
    The One without a partner.
    The One, the Unique.
  66. Al-Majid —
    The One who is Majid.
    The Noble, the illustrous.
  67. Al-Ahad —
    The only, the Unique.
  68. As-Samad —
    The Master who is relied upon in matters and reverted to in ones needs.
    The Perfect, the Eternal.
  69. Al-Qadir —
    The One attributed with Power.
    The Able, the Capable, the Omnipotent.
  70. Al-Muqtadir —
    The One with the perfect Power that nothing is withheld from Him.
    The Capable, The all Powerful
  71. Al-Muqaddim —
    He makes ahead what He wills.
    The Presenter, The Advancer, The Expediter
  72. Al-Mu'akhkhir —
    The One who delays what He wills.
    The Fulfiller, the keeper behind, The Deferrer
  73. Al-'Awwal —
    The One whose Existence is without a beginning.
    The First
  74. Al-'Akhir —
    The One whose Existence is without an end.
    The Last
  75. Az-Zahir —
    The Apparent, the Exterior, The Manifest
    The One that nothing is above Him and nothing is underneath Him, hence He exists without a place.
  76. Al-Batin —
    The Hidden, the Interior, the Latent
  77. Al-Wali —
    The One who owns things and manages them.
    The Governor, The Ruler, The Master
  78. Al-Muta'ali —
    The One who is clear from the attributes of the creation.
    The Exalted, The most high, one above reproach.
  79. Al-Barr —
    The One who is kind to His creatures, who covered them with His sustenance and specified whoever He willed among them by His support, protection, and special mercy.
    The Benefactor, The Beneficient, the Pious.
  80. At-Tawwab —
    The One who grants repentance to whoever He willed among His creatures and accepts his repentance.
    The Acceptor of Repentance, The Forgiver, the Relenting.
  81. Al-Muntaqim —
    The One who victoriously prevails over His enemies and punishes them for their sins. It may mean the One who destroys them.
    The Avenger
  82. Al-'Afuww —
    The One with wide forgiveness.
    The Forgiver, the effacer, the Pardoner
  83. Ar-Ra'uf —
    The One with extreme Mercy. The Mercy of Allαh is His will to endow upon whoever He willed among His creatures.
    The merciful, the Ever Indulgent.
  84. Al-Muqsit —
    The One who is Just in His judgment.
    The Just the Equitable
  85. Aj-Jami' —
    The One who gathers the creatures on a day that there is no doubt about, that is the Day of Judgment.
    The Collector, the comprehensive, Gatherer
  86. Al-Ghanee —
    The One who does not need the creation.
    The rich, the all sufficing, Self-Sufficient
  87. Al-Mughnee —
    The One who satisfies the necessities of the creatures.
    The Enricher, sufficer, the bestower.
  88. Al-Mani' —
    The Supporter who protects and gives victory to His pious believers. Al-Mu'tiy
    The Withholder
    The Preventer, the prohibiter, the defender.
  89. Ad-Darr —
    The One who makes harm reach to whoever He willed.
    The Distresser , The afflictor, the bringer of Adversity.
  90. An-Nafi' —
    The One who gives benefits to whoever He wills.
    The Beneficialm Benefactor
  91. An-Nur —
    The One who guides.
    The Light
  92. Al-Hadi —
    The One whom with His Guidance His belivers were guided, and with His Guidance the living beings have been guided to what is beneficial or them and protected from what is harmful to them.
    The Guide
  93. Al-Badi' —
    The One who created the creation and formed it without any preceding example.
    The Wonderful, the maker, Incomparable
  94. Al-Baqi —
    The One that the state of non-existence is impossible for Him.
    The Enduring, the Everlasting, the eternal
  95. Al-Warith —
    The One whose Existence remains.
    The Inheritor, The Heir
  96. Ar-Rashid —
    The One who guides.
    The Rightly Guided, The Concious, the Guide
  97. As-Sabur —
    The One who does not quickly punish the sinners.
    The most Patient, the Enduring.
  98. Malik Al-Mulk —
    The One who controls the Dominion and gives dominion to whoever He willed.
    The Ruler of the Kingdom, king of the Universe
  99. Zul-l-Jalal wal-Ikram —
    The One who deserves to be Exalted and not denied.
    Lord of Majesty and Generosity

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This text supplied to me by Rachel Myra Butson Rachel's Bahα'ν and Arabic pages